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Chalazion

Meibomian gland lipogranuloma is abnormal growth on the eyelid, most commonly called a chalazion. Chalazia are formed because of the obstruction of the meibomian glands. These are responsible for creating oil that keeps tears from evaporating too quickly. This oil keeps the eyes lubricated.

 

The chalazion itself normally manifests itself on the upper eyelid. It looks like a red, swollen bump with a yellowish tip. Chalazia are commonly found on the temporal corner of the eyelid. They are normally remnants of a healing stye. Chalazia are filled with pus and the oily lipids of the meibomian glands. The pus and oil normally drain themselves between a few days to a couple of months.

 

Most chalazia are small and heal quickly. Severe cases can cause further issues, as the chalazion may continue to grow throughout the healing process. In fact, chalazia can grow so large that they can begin to put pressure on the eye. One may feel pain or heaviness in the eye; however, the chalazion itself is not painful to the touch. The chalazion can press on the outer layer of the eye, causing the cornea to warp and producing astigmatism. This causes light to enter the eye abnormally. Prescriptive vision correction may be needed. Chalazia normally come with blepharitis (swollen eyelids). This causes the eyes to be very sensitive. One may experience excessive tearing or sensitivity to light.

 

Those with chronic blepharitis are more prone to developing chalazia. Chalazia are also a common symptom of ocular rosacea. Sometimes, however, chalazia can appear on their own. Mites, viruses and bacteria could cause in infection in the eye, which could in turn lead to a chalazion. In extremely rare cases, chronic chalazia could be a sign of cancerous cells in the eyes. In this case, a biopsy may be necessary.

 

In most cases, chalazia are completely harmless. However, there are options available that can help facilitate the healing process, especially if the chalazion lasts for longer than a month. It is recommended that you use a warm compress for about fifteen minutes every few hours. Massaging the chalazia are also recommended. This can help the oil to soften and begin to drain. If bacteria are the source of the problem, an oral or topical antibiotic may be prescribed. In cases where drainage is a problem, the chalazion may be injected with steroids. If it is large enough, a surgery may be necessary to remove the particles and drain the liquid.

 

Whatever the healing process, it is recommended that you keep your eyes extremely clean and keep your hands away from your face. Eye drops can be used to help reduce swelling and discomfort. A doctor may also suggest that you stop wearing contact lenses, as they can trap particles that can exacerbate the symptoms and dry out your eyes.